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Arrow in steep decline on graph

News

The Market's Cratered: Now What?

Evan Cooper Aug 25, 2015


I’m about to make a disgusting analogy, so if you are easily put off, jump ahead to the section below titled “Action Steps”.

For those still with me, I’d like to compare the current market situation to those awful times when you feel sick to your stomach. First, you sense that something is amiss. Then, you realize what’s happening and what inevitably will occur. While you hope against hope that the storm might pass, the moment suddenly arrives and you make a mad dash for the bathroom and…why go further?


After the Inevitable


That post-hurl feeling of wooziness, achiness, chills, and the dread that something may seriously be wrong is precisely what investors are feeling right now after the stock market’s sickening 8.96% drop from the close of trading on Wednesday, August 19, through Monday, August 24, as measured by the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index — which is now 11% below its May 21 peak.

Monday’s trading started off with another head-in-the-toilet loss of about 1,000 points on the Dow, but the averages slowly stopped convulsing through the day, coming up and then going down, ending with a loss of 3.58% on the Dow and 3.95% on the S&P. The Nasdaq was off 3.83%.


In the wake of this market purge, there’s no need to remind you of what the financial punderati have been telling you to do: sit tight. That’s good advice, since markets usually do bounce back after steep declines, and missing those irrationally exuberant days of 300- or 500-point gains is just as harmful as enduring days of 300-point losses.

On the other hand, talk of the economy being “fundamentally sound” despite the market’s unpleasantness reminds me all too much of poor President Herbert Hoover’s happy talk in 1930 as the country slipped into Depression.

The truth is, nobody knows what will happen in the markets or the economy. Until a somewhat more settling picture emerges, however, I have a hunch the Fed will hold off raising rates in September, especially if China and emerging markets continue to show signs of distress. The last thing Janet Yellen wants to be remembered for is triggering a Depression (And you know what’s scariest about that thought? If a rate rise from a nearly invisible 0.25% to a merely infinitesimal 0.5% is enough to cause a worldwide economic cataclysm, we are indeed in serious trouble).


What’s Likely to Happen


As far as what else is coming, I see little reason to believe that a strong stock market or vigorous economic growth is on the horizon. The stock market was too expensive before these recent convulsions and it’s still too pricey now. It’s been propped up by buy-backs because corporations can’t figure out how to grow profits per share other than by reducing the number of shares. Invest in plants and new products? That’s way too risky for today’s pseudo-capitalist CEOs.

Given this backdrop and weaker demand from China, we’re likely to see a rise in stock market volatility, with more days of 300- or 500- or 800-point drops, as well as days when some glimmer of good news sets off a buying stampede. The economy also is likely to limp along, helped by cheap energy and cheap money, even if rates do creep up.


Action Steps


Given my choppy market forecast and my dull as dishwater economic forecast, what should you do? If you’re like me and are risk averse, cheap, value oriented and prone to inertia, here’s what I’d do (and am doing) over the next several days and weeks:

  1. Nothing. Except for what’s baked into my mutual funds, I don’t own any of the stocks that were hit hardest in the sell-off, so the mix of stuff I had before is the mix of stuff I’ll keep now. Besides, where would I put the money if I decided to sell something? Cash still pays next to nothing, I already have Treasuries, and all the exotic stuff that I ignored before I’ll ignore now. So I’ll stick to what I have. The market will probably go down more over the coming days, but I’ll sit and wait.
  1. Try to avoid looking at account balances. My wife and I don’t plan to start drawing down our qualified accounts for a few years, so what’s the point of looking at them every day and getting anxious? If I can’t stop myself and do take a look, I’ll keep reminding myself that there’s still plenty of time to go before we withdraw the money to live on, and that if we have to eat out a little less often in retirement or keep our car longer, we’ll still survive. Another important point to remember about retirement funds: you don’t withdraw the entire amount the day you retire. There’s still time in retirement for those funds to bounce back if you go easy on the withdrawals.
  1. If you get itchy, switch to quality. If the market continues to decline and you feel you have to do something, don’t be tempted to reach for the stars. Buy quality bonds, dividend-paying stocks, and fairly priced income-producing residential real estate in a safe neighborhood. Plenty of people made fortunes (or at least something) during the Depression by buying good things cheaply when no one else had money.
  1. Keep an eye on taxes. Make sure you are doing everything you can to pay the least possible to Uncle Sam and his nieces and nephews on the state level. That means checking your deductions, IRA eligibility, and everything else that has an impact on what you pay. It’s easier to save a dollar on taxes than it is to earn a dollar through investing.

Sure, a stock market crash feels terrible. But we’ve survived them before and we’ll survive this one too.


Image courtesy of Stuart Miles at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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